Section 2  Agricultural and Forestry Land Use

In this Section, regions are categorized into Hokkaido, Tohoku, Hokuriku, "Kanto and Tohsan", "Tokai and Kinki", "Chugoku and Shikoku", "Kyushu and Okinawa"
"Kanto and Tohsan" includes Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gumma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Yamanashi and Nagano Prefecture.
1  Trends in Agricultural Land

(Agricultural Land)
In 2001, the amount of cultivated land in Japan totaled 4.794 million ha (11.85 million acres), which was approximately 13% of the total area of Japan. Out of the total agricultural land, 2.624 million ha (6.484 million acres) of land was paddy fields and 2.17 million ha (5.36 million acres) was other cultivated fields (see Chart 2-2-1).

The amount of cultivated land in Japan peaked at 6.09 million ha (15.05 million acres) in 1961, but has since continuously declined. On the other hand, the ratio of cultivation (the annually accumulated area under crop, by cultivated areas) has started to increase since 1999 (see Chart 2-2-2).


Chart 2-2-1  Cultivated Areas in Each Region (in 2001)
(Unit : 1,000 ha , %)
Category
Region
Cultivated areas Shares of cultivate
land to total area

Paddy field Others
Japan 4,794 2,624 2,170 12.9
Hokkaido 1,181 234 947 15.1
Tohoku 902 643 259 13.5
Hokuriku 330 297 34 13.4
Kanto and Tosan 792 444 349 15.9
Tokai and Kinki 533 363 170 9.5
Chugoku and Shikoku 423 303 120 8.3
Kyushu and Okinawa 631 340 291 14.2

Source: "Statistics of Cultivated Areas and Areas under Crop" by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and "Research about Areas of Prefecture Governments and City, Town and Village Governments in FY 2000" by the Geographical Survey Institute.
Note: Out of regional areas, "Kanto and Tohsan" includes Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gumma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Yamanashi and Nagano Prefecture.


Chart 2-2-2   Trends in Cultivated Areas
Chart
Source: "Statistics of Cultivated Areas and Areas under Crop" by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Note: The ratio of cultivation is the annually accumulated area under crop, by cultivated area.


2  Trends of Forestry Land

(Current Status of Forestry Land)
In 2000, Two-thirds of the total area of Japan is classified as forest, and the total area of land in forestry use was 25.112 million ha (62.05 million acres) (see Chart 2-2-3).

The most important forested areas are designated as protected forests, in order to promote their public benefits, and totaled 8.93 million ha (22.07 million acres) (20% of the area of Japan) at March 2002 (see Chart 2-2-4).


Chart 2-2-3   Forestry Land in Each Region (in 2000)

Category
Proportion
Region
Forestry
Share of forestry
to total
Japan 25,112 66.4
Hokkaido 5,557 70.9
Tohoku 4,707 70.4
Hokuriku 1,746 69.3
Kanto and Tosan 2,833 56.1
Tokai and Kinki 3,779 66.7
Chugoku and Shikoku 3,714 73.2
Kyushu and Okinawa 2,777 62.5

Source: Survey by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
Note: Out of regional areas, "Kanto and Tohsan" includes Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gumma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Yamanashi and Nagano Prefecture.


Chart 2-2-4   Trends in Protected Forest Area
(unit : 1,000 ha)
Year
Category
1985 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Total area 7,929 8,512 8,572 8,633 8,694 8,809 8,867 8,930
       Protection forest for
adjustment of water flow
5,841 6,166 6,203 6,243 6,278 6,356 6,387 6,431
Protection forest for
sediment discharge
1,808 2,054 2,073 2,093 2,113 2,135 2,154 2,169
Protection forest for
health care of the public
514 579 587 592 598 623 635 643

Source: Survey by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Note1: Total area is the actual area. Items are accumulations of areas.
Note2: "Protection forest for sediment discharge (dosha-ryushutsu-boubi-hoanrin)" will include "Protection forest for sediment collapse (dosha-houkai-boubi-hoanrin)"
Note3: "Protection forest for adjustment of water flow (suigen-kanyo-hoanrin)", "Protection forest for sediment discharge (dosha-ryushutsu-boubi-hoanrin)" "Protection forest for sediment collapse (dosha-houkai-boubi-hoanrin)" and "Protection forest for health care of the public (hoken-hoanrin)" are each protection forest designated as such for the purpose of achieving the objectives of Item 1(water flow adjustment), Item 2 (protection for sediment discharge), Item 3 (protection for sediment collapse) and Item 10 (health care of the public) of Paragraph 1 of Article 25 the Forest Law.
Note4: Areas are based on figures as of 31 March each year


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